is a country in the United Kingdom to the north of England. Its symbol is a
thistle; its patron is St. Andrew. The country is devided into Highlands and
Lowlands. Most of the industry is concentrated in Lowlands, in the Clyde
Valley. Glasgow is its largest and busiest town; Edinburgh is its capital.
and Edinburgh are two great centres of Scotland. There are only 45 miles
between them, and it will take you an hour to get from Glasgow to Edinburgh by
train but the cities are very different.
is the heart of industry. It is a centre of business and trade. It is very
busy, prosperous, dirty in some parts and smart in others.
is rather cold but attractive. Edinburgh is known as Athens of the North. If
you walk around the city you can touch on history at every step. Practically
every building has a tale to tell.
two most interesting parts of the city are the Old Town and the New Town. The
Old Town lies between the Castle and Holyrood Palace. The Castle, in fact, is
older than the city. No one can exactly say when the first settlers came to on
the huge rock that stands high above Edinburgh. Later they built here a castle.
It looks beautiful in any weather but at night when it is floodlit it looks
just like a castle in a fairy-tale. It is not surprising that the Castle
attracts a lot of tourists.
Edinburgh military tattoo takes place every August and September. For 90
minutes on five or six nights a week, 600 people perform in the square in
front of the Castle.
of the most modest and yet one of the best known monuments in Edinburgh is a
monument to dog called Bobby. The dog belonged to John Gray. When he died
Bobby lived near his grave for twenty-six years. Later Bobby was buried near
his master and his statue in the Old Town has become a symbol of devotion. The
Old Town is a striking contrast to New Town with its white and beautiful
streets. Princes Street is the most beautiful street of the New Town. It is
Edinburgh’s popular shopping centre.
Street lies between the New Town and the Old Town. The modern town is on the
lower side, the old one – on the higher. They look at each other across the
valley under Scotland’s blue sky.